L17c - Food: Vegetables

vegetable pak
bean tua
broccoli pak brok-ka-lee
cabbage ga-lam-plee
carrot kair-rort
cauliflower ga-lam-dork
chilli prik
coriander pak chee
cucumber dtairng-gwah
eggplant ma keu-a
galangal root kah
garlic gra-tee-am
ginger root king
lemongrass dta-krai
lettuce pak gaht horm (pak salat)
morning glory pak boong
mushroom het
onion horm yai (hua horm)
pea tua
potato man farang
pumpkin fuk torng
spring onion don horm
sweetcorn kaow-port
tomato ma-keu-a-tayt
turnip hua pak gaht

Vegetable is actually a culinary term rather than a scientific term. There is no precise definition of what constitutes a vegetable. The vague definition is any edible part of a plant that is not a reproductive organ containing seeds (which would be a fruit). So while we know some of the above list may be considered herbs or fruits, they are items that in culinary terms are treated as vegetables.


Galangal: This is a root similar to ginger that is an important ingredient of classic Thai soup dishes such as 'tom yam goong' and 'tom kah gai'.

Lettuce: The more formal word is 'pak gaht horm' but more informally it is often referred to as 'pak salat' (salad vegetable).

Onion: More commonly called 'horm yai' but you will also hear 'hua horm'.

Pumpkin: The general word for the pumpkin family is 'fuk'. This is often a source of amusement when Thais serve it to westerners. "Do you like fuk" is a favourite joke.

Chilies: Yes 'prik' is also a source of a few jokes.





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