THAI LANGUAGE LESSONS
L17c - Food: Vegetables
|lettuce||pak gaht horm (pak salat)|
|morning glory||pak boong|
|onion||horm yai (hua horm)|
|spring onion||don horm|
|turnip||hua pak gaht|
Vegetable is actually a culinary term rather than a scientific term. There is no precise definition of what constitutes a vegetable. The vague definition is any edible part of a plant that is not a reproductive organ containing seeds (which would be a fruit). So while we know some of the above list may be considered herbs or fruits, they are items that in culinary terms are treated as vegetables.
Galangal: This is a root similar to ginger that is an important ingredient of classic Thai soup dishes such as 'tom yam goong' and 'tom kah gai'.
Lettuce: The more formal word is 'pak gaht horm' but more informally it is often referred to as 'pak salat' (salad vegetable).
Onion: More commonly called 'horm yai' but you will also hear 'hua horm'.
Pumpkin: The general word for the pumpkin family is 'fuk'. This is often a source of amusement when Thais serve it to westerners. "Do you like fuk" is a favourite joke.
Chilies: Yes 'prik' is also a source of a few jokes.