APPENDIX 2: THAI ALPHABET
VOWELS

Thai vowels are usually named sa-ra and then the sound they make.

Thai vowels are always attached to a consonant character. They can be placed before, after, above or below the consonant but they are always pronounced after the consonant sound to which they belong.

To write a vowel sound on its own, the vowel is attached to the special consonant Or Ahng which then becomes silent.

When listing Thai vowels, it is usual to represent the position of the consonant with a dash. In the example below, sa-ra-ee is placed above the consonant.

You will notice that for some of the vowels below we have given two transliteration options. In some cases the Thai sound falls between our vowels or can actually vary in usage. We will use the transliteration option we think best represents the sound.

 
SOUND
EXAMPLE
THAI
WORD
WORD
MEANING
ua nuat massage
u-ay pu-ay ill / sick
or bork tell
oy soy side street
a talay sea
a
u
jap
dung
catch
loud
ai chai chana win
ua dtua body
ah baht baht
ai sabai well /
comfortable
aow daow star
am
um
jam
dum
remember
black
i bin fly
ew hew hungry
ee nee this
eu leum forget
ur nurng 1
eu keu is
oo yoot stop
oi koi chat
oo
ooo
bpoo
pooot
crab
speak
ay talay sea
oie koie used to
ay-oh ray-oh quick
err jerr find
ao bao light /
gentle
er dern walk
ee-a kee-an write
ee-ow dee-ow single /
individual
eu-a leu-at blood
eu-ay leu-ay saw
(for cutting)
air pairng expensive
ae-oh lae-oh already
o mong o'clock
oye kamoye steal
ai nai in
ai bpai go
ai Thai Thai

 


 

 




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