THAI LANGUAGE LESSONS
L25 - Adverbs
The simple definition of an adverb is a word that modifies a verb. That is they describe how the action is performed. Adverbs are similar to adjectives. Adjectives describe nouns, adverbs describe how a verb is performed. In fact, adverbs can also modify adjectives or other adverbs but for the sake of this lesson, we will keep it simple.
For example, 'slow' is an adjective. You can describe something as slow, e.g. 'it is a slow bus'. If you want to use 'slow' as an adverb to describe a verb, you would change it to 'slowly', e.g. 'he walks slowly'.
Adding 'ly' to the the end of an adjective is a common way for the English Language to turn an adjective into an adverb. It is not the only way to form an adverb but it is the most common.
Thai has a simlar technique to change adjectives into adverbs, you repeat the word twice. Lets look at a few examples.
Thai grammar rules for adverbs are the same as for adjectives. that is they should always come after the word that you are modifying:
mah dtua nee rayoh -
This is a quick dog
mah wing ray-oh ray-oh - The dog runs quickly
lom bao - Gentle wind
tam bao bao - Do it gently
kreu-ang see-ang dung -
poot dung dung - Speak loudly
ah-hahn dee -
gin dee dee - Eat well
koon suay -
You are beautiful
koon yim suay suay - You smile beautifully
This duplicating the word rule is not strictly adhered to in everyday Thai speech. Thais will often say the word only once even when they are using it as an adverb. They will also often repeat words just for the sake of emphasis, rather than because they are using it as an adverb. It is a matter of slowly becoming familiar with Thai speaking habits.